Saxophone, Bass, Guitar and
Also known as kamānche or kamāncha (Persian: کمانچه, Azerbaijani: kamança), is an Iranian bowed string instrument, used also in Azerbaijani, Turkish, and Kurdish Music and related to the rebab, the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed Byzantine lyra, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow: the word “kamancheh” means “little bow” in Persian (kæman, bow, and -cheh, diminutive). It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kurdistan Regions with slight variations in the structure of the instrument. More on www.wikipedia.com.
The lyra is a three-stringed fiddle with a curved, pear-shaped body, cut along with the neck and the head from a single block of wood. The top has two sound holes (the ‘eyes’) shaped like half-moons. The lyra is played upright. The strings are not pressed onto the fingerboard, as with the violin, but from the side with the fingernails. Probably the lyra orginated in medieval Byzantium, from where it spread over a large part of Southeastern Europe.
Closely related fiddles with a living tradition are the Calabrian lira, the Dalmatian lijerica, the Bulgarian gadulka and the kemençe of Ottoman art music. The lyra is also known in the Greek parts of Thracia and Maccedonia, and on some islands of the Aegean Sea. It is still particularly popular on the island of Karpathos. (see Instrument of the month of July 2012). More on www.mim.be.
Original version of the song by Arijit Singh: